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The Backswing - The Start to a Good Golf Swing!

The Backswing – The Start to a Good Golf Swing!

The subject this month is The Backswing – The Start to a Good Golf Swing.  Brought to you by Mel Sole, Director of Instruction at the Mel Sole Golf School headquartered at Pawleys Plantation Golf and Country Club in Pawleys Island, SC.

The Backswing – The Start to a Good Golf Swing!

Having taught many golfers for many years, the one question I’m asked more than any other is “Once I’m in my address position, what starts the backswing?”

Well, the answer is more complex than the solution.  I’ll do my best to keep it as simple as possible.

Much has been written about the takeaway:

  • Take it back with the left side
  • With the right side
  • Start back with the arms
  • Move it back with the big muscles
  • Take it back with the hands

Quite honestly, I don’t think there is one particular way to take the club back.  Although we may all have the same bone and muscle structure, we have different perceptions on how things feel.  I indicate where the club should be at each point in the swing and then let the student experience what that position feels like and determine how best to achieve it. In other words, all I do is tell the student when the club is in the right position. I don’t tell my students how to get it there– I let them feel that for themselves.

In my instructional article about the address position, I talked about a target line and a body line. For those of you who did not see that article, let me recap briefly. The target line is a line drawn through the ball to the target, and the body line is a line drawn parallel to that line through the feet

The Method.

At the start of the takeaway, you want the hands to move straight back along the body line, with no manipulation or rotation of the hands or arms. In other words, the hands are passive and the torso rotates. Halfway up the backswing, the club position should then look like this:

As you can see, the clubhead is still slightly outside the body line. Please make sure you do not confuse this statement to mean the clubhead is outside the target line (if the clubbed moved straight back the arms would pull away from the body). Most of the good players of today have the club in this position, including Nicklaus, Couples, Stewart, Norman, etc. What you do not want is the club to get behind you or too much on the inside-this causes the wrists to rotate and lay the clubface open and ultimately lay the club off at the top of the backswing, a sure way of starting the downswing “over the top.”

If the grip pressure is nice and light then at this point the wrists will start to “cock” naturally with the momentum of the clubhead and the club will start to break upwards. At this stage the hands are approximately in the middle of the chest and the club will feel very light in your hands.

Continue with a full shoulder turn to the top of the backswing.

Other points to note during the backswing are:

  1. The right knee does not move from its original position -all the way to the top of the swing. This “stable” position ensures that the proper “torque” is created in the body.
  2. The left arm stays reasonably straight-not rigid-throughout the backswing, especially at the top of the swing.  A definite problem area for a lot of golfers. Again, if the left arm breaks down you will lose that necessary “torque” that is the power producer on the downswing.
  3. The weight moves over to the right side at the top of the backswing.  The sternum directly over the right foot. This prevents a “reverse pivot” and ensures the proper weight shift.  This will make the start of the downswing a lot easier and more powerful.

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